Sport Integrity Toolkit
The Sport Integrity Toolkit contains important information, resources and links to assist athletes, coaches administrators, clubs and NT Peak Sporting Bodies (PSBs).
Member Protection Policy
All sports clubs and Peak Sporting Bodies (PSBs) have a responsibility to make sure that their sport is safe, fair and inclusive for everyone involved. They also have legal obligations to prevent and address discrimination, harassment, abuse and other harmful behaviours.
For club committees, a current Member Protection Policy (MPP) is an effective risk management tool that protects against the loss and harm of participants and members. To develop your member protection policy, check with your governing national or state body first. Most sports in Australia have a MPP, as well as child protection policies and codes of conduct, that affiliated clubs and members are bound by.
Once developed, there are several ways you can make members aware and bring your MPP to life:
- ensure committee members and volunteers commit wholeheartedly to it
- make it a part of inductions, meetings and training
- promote the policy and the detail within (eg, codes of conduct) regularly to members, via your newsletters, website and other communication
- make it widely available.
If your sport doesn’t have a policy, you can download a Play by the Rules MPP template.
Member Protection Information Officers (MPIOs)
Appointing a MPIO can help your organisation deal with complaints in an appropriate and consistent manner. A MPIO listens to complaints and provides information about the person’s rights, responsibilities and options.
MPIOs don’t investigate complaints and it’s a good idea to choose someone who is approachable, accessible and can maintain confidentiality. It is best practice to display the MPIO’s name and contact details on the club or PSB’s website, so they can be contacted easily and confidentially.
Play by the Rules offers a training course for MPIOs in the following:
- the MPIO role
- complaint resolution procedures
- member protection and the law
- child protection
- harassment and discrimination and
- ethical and practical considerations.
Inclusion is about ensuring that sport caters for the range of backgrounds, cultures, ages and abilities in the community who may wish to participate in various activities or roles in a club. Being inclusive is really about following best practice for what sport should be so that everyone can get the most out of it.
Diversity broadly includes gender, race, disability, age, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and multi-faith. A good way to think about diversity is to think about your local community. Does your club reflect the diversity of your local community?
Child safe environments
It is everybody’s responsibility to implement and maintain child safe environments. We all have a role to play in keeping children safe and promoting well being.
It is good practice to put strategies in place to prevent offenders from gaining access to your organisation and reducing opportunities for abuse. Child safe environment strategies are put in place to prevent and minimise opportunities for child abuse within your organisation, including preventing offenders from gaining access to children.
An important strategy in developing child safe environments is staff development:
- ensuring that all staff (paid and volunteers) understand their mandatory and/or ethical reporting obligations for suspected child abuse and/or neglect
- ensuring all staff have a clear understanding of what is acceptable/unacceptable behaviour and know who to contact about concerns they may have
- organisations working to create child safe environments and strengthen their environment are committed to and understand the importance of children’s safety.
Drugs in Sport
Doping refers to the use of prohibited drugs/methods by an athlete to improve sporting performance. Athletes need to be aware, at all times that they cannot just take any drug or medication, or even use certain methods of substance administration to enhance their performance in sport.
The detection of a forbidden substance or method constitutes a direct violation of the doping rules, and the attempt to take, the possession of, and the circulation of doping substances are all regarded as offences.
Sports participants (including athletes, coaches, administrators, officials, sport science and medical practitioners, and other support and service providers) engaging in organised sport in Australia are required to comply with anti-doping codes, policies and practices as a condition of their involvement.
Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) Intelligence
From just a single tip-off by a member of the public, ASADA may commence gathering intelligence on an athlete or support person.
Tip-offs can be submitted through the secure online form, or by calling the ASADA hotline. These pieces of information can be as simple as seeing something suspicious, or overhearing people talk about doping.
Intelligence gathering can also arise from test results. While unusual blood or urine results on their own are not enough to establish a violation, they are recorded and used for target testing.
ASADA works closely with national sporting bodies, many of which have specific employees assigned to protecting the integrity of the sport. We encourage all members of the sporting community to report if they have any concerns or suspicions about athletes or support staff.
Law enforcement and other government agencies are another valuable source of intelligence and we are committed to working collaboratively with these agencies to protect the integrity of sport from doping.
Doping can be reported confidentially via the ASADA website, or by calling 13 000 ASADA (13 000 27232).
Pure Performance Online is a free and easy-to-use online education tool developed by the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA). It provides everyone with the opportunity to learn about the key areas of anti-doping such as prohibited substances and methods, therapeutic use exemptions, doping control (testing) and whereabouts.
Level 1 anti-doping course outline:
- covers the key areas of anti-doping
- certificate issued upon completion
- successful completion qualifies participants to undertake level 2.
Level 2 anti-doping course outline:
- must hold a level 1 certificate to be eligible for level 2
- covers more advanced topics in anti-doping and is updated annually to reflect current trends and
- certificate issued upon completion (expires 31 December each year).
View a series of short interactive videos about current trends in anti-doping.
Check your substances
GlobalDRO is a mobile-friendly online tool which allows athletes to check their substances against the WADA Prohibited List.
The Illicit Drugs in Sport (IDIS) Online Education Program is an Australian government initiative to assist sporting organisations to educate their members of the harms associated with illicit drugs and to combat illicit drug use in all parts of the community. The IDIS program seeks to provide practical tools and strategies to assist athletes, coaches and sports administrators to make appropriate choices when faced with illicit drug issues in their sport.
Good Sports Tackling Illegal Drugs program
Funded by the Australian government and coordinated by Good Sports, the Tackling Illegal Drugs program aims to help Australian sports clubs become better prepared to address drug-related issues. Sporting clubs are a snapshot of the larger community. No matter what age, or sport, chances are, somebody at your club has been touched by the issue.
What is it?
Good Sports will work with your club to develop and implement an illegal drugs policy.
The policy is more than just a piece of paper; it’s a chance to educate your members and talk about how your club will deal with any future issues. A policy will set clear standards and help clubs react appropriately in case of an incident. By setting measures in place now, you can help prevent drug-related issues in the future in your club.
For further information please visit the Good Sports website.
Supplements are one of the leading causes of failed anti-doping tests in Australia.
ASADA’s long standing advice is that no supplement is safe to use and athletes should not risk their careers by taking a supplement. This is because many supplements are contaminated with substances prohibited in sport, which may not be listed on ingredient labels. However, ASADA recognises that there may be circumstances where medical professionals and sports dieticians recommend supplements, or where athletes use supplements regardless of the risk.
In these circumstances, ASADA’s advice is that athletes should only use supplements which have been screened for prohibited substances by an independent company, such as HASTA or Informed Sport. Supplements screened by these companies cannot offer a 100% guarantee that an athlete will not test positive, but they are significantly less risky than other supplements.
For more information, download the ASADA Clean Sport mobile app, which lists all supplements sold on Australian shelves which have been screened by HASTA or Informed Sport, and provides a risk analysis for other supplements athletes may be considering.
What are the risks?
The supplement industry is poorly regulated, so the ingredient list doesn't always match the product contents. It is not uncommon for banned substances to be added deliberately during the manufacturing process, or added accidentally through contamination. It is for these reasons ASADA is unable to guarantee whether a specific supplement, or batch of a supplement, is safe to use.
Consequences of substance abuse by athletes
Products containing a prohibited substance can result in bans of up to four years for athletes. The presence of a prohibited substance in a supplement may result in an anti-doping rule violation, whether its use was intentional or unintentional. Under the World Anti-Doping Code’s strict liability principle, athletes are ultimately responsible for any substance found in their body, regardless of how it got there.
That means, even if the prohibited substance is not listed on the label of a supplement, if you consume it, you are still responsible. In addition to facing a possible ban from sport, there are some supplements on the market that contain prohibited stimulants which can pose serious health risks for athletes.
ASADA Clean Sport app
ASADA Clean Sport is a mobile app which lists every batch-tested supplement sold on Australian shelves, and gives athletes a way to assess the risk of other products. It is available on Apple and Android phones and tablets.
Gambling in Sport
Match-fixing is defined by the National Integrity of Sport Unit as: ‘irregularly influencing the course or result of a sports event in order to obtain advantage for oneself or for others and to remove all or part of the uncertainty normally associated with sport’. It involves the manipulation of an outcome or contingency by athletes, teams, agents, support staff, referees and officials and venue staff.
It can include the deliberate fixing of the result of a contest, an occurrence or points spread within a contest, deliberate under-performance, withdrawal (also known as ‘tanking’ or ‘manipulation’ and ‘experimenting’), an officials deliberate misapplication of the rules of the contest, interference with the play or playing surface, or abuse of insider information to support a bet placed.
Courtsiding is the practice of transmitting information from sporting events for the purpose of gambling, or of placing bets directly from a sporting event. It arises as a result of the delay between live action and digital television broadcasts.
The issues are:
- persistent expansion of volume and availability of markets on Australian sports by offshore wagering providers
- increasing number of markets available on lower leagues/sub-elite sport
- grooming of athletes and exploitation of insider information
- athletes continue to engage in behaviours/associations that place them at risk of exploitation.
Tips for sports:
- establish rules, policies and sanctions
- designate a contact/information person
- be careful handling sensitive inside information
- undertake regular reviews on your integrity processes
- keep educating your members.
Tips for individuals:
- never bet on your own sport
- keep educating yourself
- fixing any part of an event is illegal
- never put yourself in a position where you could be compromised
- report any irregular approaches
- make sure you know what the rules are on betting in your sport and Australia
- make sure your family and friends know the rules about betting restrictions in your sport.
Anti-match fixing education
To undertake education on anti-match fixing see the Keep Sport Honest e-learning program.
Sport Integrity eBook
This information is aimed at sports administrators, officials, coaches, athletes and support personnel to provide a broad overview of some of the integrity issues currently facing sport. The resources, education and contacts aim to assist you with best practice management of sport integrity risks now and into the future.
Read the Sport Integrity eBook.